Cereal lovers might want to think twice about what grains are going into their bowls.
A new report by the Union of Concerned Scientists has found huge amounts of land would become sustainable cropping systems if large cereal companies shift completely to grains that are farmed regeneratively.
Over the last few decades, a few grains have dominated the industry. Corn and wheat are two of the most common grains in cereal, and they are also some of the least sustainably produced. Corn is often grown on the same plot or in rotation with one other crop, leaving that farmland vulnerable to erosion, which causes water pollution.
The four main cereal manufacturers — General Mills, Kellogg Company, Post Holdings, and Quaker Foods — make up 86 per cent of the cereal market. Some of these companies have started to make commitments concerning sustainable farming, but Marcia DeLonge, a senior scientist with UCS, says more aggressive action is needed.
“The foods that many of us encounter every day can make a really big impact in terms of saving our soils, cleaning our water and helping with climate change solutions,” says DeLonge.
The report found that if Kelloggs only used corn grown using sustainable methods to make a year’s worth of Frosted Flakes, the company would transition 30,000 acres into a more sustainable system. If General Mills similarly transitioned the amount of oats it uses annually to make Honey Nut Cheerios, it would convert 130,000 acres.
Some of the sustainable agriculture methods trumpeted in the report, Champions of Breakfast, include planting cover crops and using more diverse crop rotations.
General Mills has pledged to convert 1 million acres of traditional farming to regenerative practices by 2030. PepsiCo, which owns Quaker Oats, and Kellogg Company have also started sustainable grains initiatives.
DeLonge says that while cereal makers could cause larger scale change, some grain farmers are already leading the way.
Scott Wedemeier is one such farmer. He started transitioning his family’s dairy farm in Maynard, Iowa, into a sustainable and organic operation in 2015. He is a firm believer in growing cover crops and says using regenerative methods have made his farm more feasible in the long run.
“It’s just an evolution of farming,” he says. “If you don’t change what you’re doing, you’re going to run yourself out of business.”
Before the conversion, the farm grew soybeans, hay and corn, but Wedemeier has since introduced a whole list of new crops, dramatically changing the farm’s focus. The farm, Grassway Organic Farm, is now growing oats for a small muesli company called Seven Sundays.
DeLonge says it’s getting harder and harder for farmers to pass down their soil to the next generations. It will be vital to get corporate commitments and policies to make sure farmers are supported as they take steps to become more sustainable and protect their farms’ futures, she adds.